Texas Baird’s Rat Snake FACTS

Wild Locality

Southwest United States & Mexico


Primarily Terrestrial, Semi-Arboreal (ground-dwelling, occasionally in trees)


Small Mammals, Small Birds, Occasional Reptiles, & Eggs (carnivore)


Forested Areas, Deserts, & Grasslands

Adult Size

~ 3-4 ft, & 500-800g


Cathemeral (active in the day & night)

Conservation Status

Least Concern

Life Expectancy

~ 10-15 years in the care of humans (less in the wild)


Habitat Loss, Invasive Species, & Human Influence


Baird’s Rat Snakes, like all rat snakes, are primarily rodent eaters, but can also consume food items such as small birds and eggs. They are able to hunt in the trees due to their skills at climbing, but will typically be found on the ground. Babies of this species look very different when newly hatched than they do when adult sized. As they grow and shed (as all other snakes do) they gradually lose their spotted patterns and baby coloration, and develop long dorsal stripes along their bodies. Each individual looks different than the next, and their colors can range from orange to gold, to brown, to silver, and sometimes a mix of all of those together.


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